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Villa Ravagnani Trombetta
This 18th-century palace stands on the slopes of Mount San Michele at an altitude of 265 metres, at the start of the path. In the 15th century there was a larger one on which the present three-storey building with walls edged with Ghibelline merlons was later built. The old entrance, which is located at the beginning of Via San Michele, once led into a tree-lined avenue along which there was first the 'casanteria', then the stables and finally the villa, the pine park and the terrace with balustrades and a splendid view of the lake. Near the present entrance, a metal gazebo with an oriental dome can be seen.
The blackbird is typical of medieval military architecture, particularly of castles. Its main function was defence. The Guelph battlements indicated that the owners of the castle were supporters of the papacy while the Ghibelline ones indicated an alliance of the lord with the emperor. During Scaliger rule, Verona was always a Ghibelline city. The swallow-tailed battlements were in fact a constant feature of the cityscape and the surrounding area, including the Lake Garda area. The battlements were later reused in the 19th century, in the Romantic-Neo-Gothic period, when many villas were modified in the wake of the fashion that revalued the medieval period.
The well in Via San Michele was once part of the Ravignani property, which also included the entire southern slope of the mountain.
LAUREL(2) Laurus nobilis, Famiglia Lauraceae
It is a perennial evergreen tree, native to the Mediterranean area. It can reach a height of 20 metres and is also cultivated as an ornamental shrub. The leathery, aromatic leaves are used in the preparation of certain dishes. In Roman mythology, Apollo fell in love with a beautiful woodland nymph, Daphne. The young girl, in order to escape him during a chase, invoked the hunting goddess Diana who, to help her, transformed her into a laurel plant. Apollo, disconsolate, made a crown from the leaves and wore it close to his heart. During ceremonies, the emperors of Rome would gird their heads with laurel, considering it a noble plant. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, young men of letters and poets were crowned or 'laureated' (graduated). The current term 'laurea' (graduation) derives from this very recognition. According to popular tradition, planting a laurel in front of the house door would ward off lightning.
RAMPICANT FIG(3) Ficus pumila, Famiglia Moraceae
It is a small evergreen climbing shrub native to East Asia. It has a prostrate habit, and uses the adventitious roots that branch off the stems to attach themselves to the support, usually cliffs or walls; it has heartshaped or lanceolate leaves, shiny and also very robust. It can develop leaves of different sizes in the vegetation stages; the fruit-bearing branches are also different from those of the normal vegetation, taking on an erect habit to expose them. In temperate zones and in sites protected from the cold it tends to cover walls, forming a compact, even very extensive layer.
Carved into the stone on the sides of the ancient entrance, it represents four petals that are like rays of a circle arranged in the shape of a cross. It is an auspicious symbol often found on arched doorways and protects houses from the evil eye. Its shape is reminiscent of older sun symbols such as the Camuna Rose or the Alpine Sun.
The CTG El Preon APS Group has decided to dedicate this route among nature, history and tradition to the memory of one of the group's founding members, Romano Giacomelli, a tireless supporter of Cavaionese culture and education, who passed away in 2022.